Armenia is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Georgia to the North, Azerbaijan to the East, Turkey to the West and Iran to the South. Together with Georgia and Azerbaijan, Armenia is located in Transcaucasia, (the southern portion of the region of Caucasia), which occupies part of the isthmus between the Black and Caspian seas. Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia. Armenia’s territory is 29.800 sq.km (11,500 sq.miles) , which is roughly the size of Belgium or the US state of Maryland.
The country is mountainous. Most of Armenia’s territory ranges from 1,000-2,500 meters above sea level. The highest peak is Mt. Aragats – 4,095 m (13,419 ft) and the lowest point is along the Debed River – 380m (1,280ft). Arable land accounts for 17% of land use, meadows and pastures 30%, forests 12%, arid land 18%, with the balance being mountainous terrain.
There are more than 200 rivers and streams that traverse Armenia. Araks is the longest river of Armenia’s Highland, it is 1,072km in length. Finally, Lake Sevan is one of the largest volcanic origin alpine lakes in the world, at an altitude of 1,900 meters.