The Armenian language is justly considered unique. It belongs to the Eastern group of the Indo-European language family. The Armenian language is spoken by around 6.7 million people as well as developing and expanding its lexis and improving its grammar.
The language of the Armenian people has a rich vocabulary. Within its language family Armenian is considered as one of the most ancient written languages. The invention of the Armenian alphabet is traditionally credited to the monk St. Mesrop Mashtots, who in 405 AD created an alphabet consisting of 36 signs (two were added later). This new alphabet was first used to translate the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament.
Several distinct varieties of the Armenian language can be distinguished: Old Armenian (Grabar), Middle Armenian (Mijin hayeren), and Modern Armenian (Ashkharhabar). Modern Armenian embraces two written branches—Western Armenian (Arevmtahayeren) and Eastern Armenian (Arevelahayeren). About 50 dialects were known before 1915, when the Armenian population of Turkey was drastically reduced by means of massacre and forced exodus; some of these dialects became unintelligible.